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Printing Terms Glossary



1/0 - means 1 color on 1 side no printing on back

1/1 - means 1 color 2 sided

4/0 - means full color 1 one side - 4 colors on front / 0 or no printing on back

4/4 - means full or 4 colors on both sides

AQ - Aqueous Coating an option in the offset print process. It is an liquid used to not only enhance the shine on a printed piece, but also seal the inks and eliminate drying time. AQ coating is glossy but not as shiny as UV coating.

Bleed - Means the printed image runs off the edge of the finished sheet size. When preparing your file for a bleed printing job, it must extend 1/8" past the edge of the sheet. 1/8' on both sided results in an extra overall 1/4 to the deminsions of the piece. For example a business card with no bleed is a standard 3.5 x 2. If your business card desgin "bleeds" your file dimensions should be + 1/4" or 3.75" x 2.25" to allow for the bleed area to be trimmed of in the cutting process.  Similarly a 8.5 x 11 flyer or brochure file with bleed should be set up 8.75 x 11.25. See file preparation guidelines for futher information. 

Bindery - department of a printing company that performs the after printing finishing work such as folding, cutting, scoring and boxing.

C1S - Coated 1 Side Paper - this has a smooth coating on 1 side and no coating or more vellum finish on the back side. Use for business cards when you want to write on back, such as an appointment card or a one sided business card where texture or coating on back is unimportant. Also popularly used as an inexpensive postcard paper. The uncoated back side is used as the address side to ensure comaptibility with inkjet addressing systems as well as the post office.

C2S - Paper that is Coated 2 Sides - most popular is glossy on both sides - use for Business Cards, Brochures, Flyers

Carbonless Paper - paper that is chemically treated to transfer the writing on the first page to subsequent pages in the set. Carbonless forms are mostly produced in sets that are edge glued on one side. Most popular are 2 part and 3 part sets in 8.5x11, 5.5 x 8.5, and 4.25 x 5.5. Two Part forms are W-Y (White then Yellow) and three part forms W-Y-P (White then Yellow then Pink).

CMYK - Cyan Magenta Yellow Black the four colors used to print process color. Percentages are used of each color to create any color in the rainbow. Always create your files for full or 4 color printing using CMYK mode and not RGB mode.

Crop Marks - or cut lines are small extra lines that are printed on a sheet that designate the finish size. Whenever possible include crop marks on you file to ensure proper trim especially on non standard size pieces.

DPI - Dots per sq inch which indicate the resolution of files and images. Files and images should be a minimum of 300 dpi. Use 600 or 1200 dpi for even better end results. Web graphics pulled from the interent are usually only 72 dpi and while they may look clear and crisp on your monitor they will print fuzzy and jagged. Color Print Factory online printing is not responsible if you send a low res file or we will contact you to send a better file which will delay your order.

EPS - Ecapsulated Post Script. I very good and standard file type to send to Color Print Factory to tranfer you postscript formatting to us. Remember to use CMYK Mode.

Linen - is a popular textured and elegant finish that is an uncoated paper stock. Commonly descrided as a cross weave or cross hatch of embossed lines slightly raised above the surface of the paper. See a close up view under the business cards pictures. Popular on Business Cards, Letterheads, and Envelopes.

Paper Weights - Coated card stock papers are measured in "PT" or points. The higher the # of points the thicker the stock. We carry 12PT, 14PT, 16PT, and heaviest weight available on the market today 18PT coated papers. Coated text weight papers are guaged in "#" or pound. Where 20# would be your normal copier paper, we carry 100# text gloss for your flyers, brochures, self mailers and posters as a nice heavy text weight paper. Uncoated card stock are also measured in "#" or pounds. Basic uncoated white business card stock is 80#, as well as most of our textured papers such as linens etc. We also carry uncoated white up to 120# which roughly equal a 14PT coated stock. 

PDF - Portable Document Files are used to present doucments in a universal file format independent of the native application software. Remember when making pdf files to increase the resolution from the default setting of low resolution to at least 600 dpi.

PMS - Pantone Color Matching System. Standard system of spot colors all offset printers use. If you require a color that is not one of our standard colors, you will be prompted to specify a Pantone color number.

Proof - Proofs are representative samples or files of what the printed piece will look like. Check your proofs VERY carefully for color requirements, typos, and formatting.

RGB - Red Blue Green color model. In this color model various percantages of red, blue and green are added together to reproduce a wide array of colors. In printing of full color products only CMYK is used, so RGB files should not be used. Computer monitors display colors in RGB. When RGB files are printed using the CMYK printing process, colors may shift and not look anything like what you see on your monitor.  

Saddle Stich - is s binding process for creating booklets. Saddle stiching is a 2 staple on the spine and is the most ecominical form of binding low page number booklets. 

Safety Paper / Rx Paper - is commonly used for dentist and doctor prescription pads to prevent illegal duplication. Our saftey paper is a light blue shade. When photo copied the image of VOID will appear throughout the duplicated sheet.

Thermography - or raised printing as its commonly called. Raised letter printing has been around for a very long time and is produced by using a thermographic resin powder that is dropped on to a wet ink sheet. The sheet is then passed though an oven which melts the resin on the image creating the raised feel. Raised printing is still the most preferred printing process for corporations, and professional business such as accountants, and lawyers. Thermography is commonly used on 1 -3 spot color business cards, letterhead, and envelopes. Be sure to check the box under Black 1&2 color printing items if you want to feel the difference with thermography.

Trim Size - Trim size is the finished size of the piece after cutting is completed. Example: trim size on a business card is 3.5 x 2

UV Coating - sometimes called liquid lamination but is much a much cheaper proess. This process uses a liquid applied to a finished printed piece and exposed to UV (ultraviolet) light. The light cures the liquid both adding a little bulk or thickness and a high gloss shine. UV coating is commonly used on business cards, brochures, postcards or flyers.

Variable Data Printing - Is a form of on-demand digital printing that allows for customization of text or graphics on each piece. Customized data is fed from a customer supplied database file. Personalized letters, postcards or envelopes can easily be made with variable data printing options. Use the custom quote form to get a price on variable data.




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